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9类过渡词、30组同义表达,英语写作直冲满分!

来源: 发布时间:2020-08-24 浏览次数: 【字体:


很多同学在写作文时基本上是简单句的堆砌,偶尔有复杂句,动不动就是单调的so,and,then,but 等关系词,没有特点不说,反而使句子结构显得松散、呆板。


因此,在表达相同含义时,时常试着换一种表达方式不仅会为作文挣得加分的可能,更有利于我们自己对英语写作保持成就感和新鲜感。



1

9类过渡词


 类别1  开头常用短语
It's said that...   据说……
As we all know that...   我们都知道……
It's well known that...   众所周知……
As/So far as I know...   据我所知……
It is clear/obvious that...   ……是显而易见的

 类别2   表“结构顺序”
first/firstly   第一
first of all   首先
to begin/start with   首先
in the first place   首先
second/secondly   第二 
next   其次;然后
and then   于是;然后       
meanwhile/at the same time   同时
finally/eventually/at last/in the end   最终 

 类别3   表“并列补充”
also/too/as well   也;同样;而且
both...and...   ……和……
either...or...   要么……要么……
neither...nor...   既不……也不……
not only...but also...   不但……而且……
besides    除此之外
moreover    另外;此外
in addition/additionally   加之;除……之外
by the way   顺便;顺便说
what's more   更重要的是;而且;此外
what's worse   更糟的是
as well as...    也;又;和;及

 类别4   表“转折对比”
but   但是;而是
however   然而;不过
while   然而
instead   反而
otherwise/or else   否则;不然 
on the contrary/in contrast   相反地
in any case/at any rate   无论如何
some...while others...   一些人……另一些人……
on one hand...on the other hand...   一方面……另一方面……

 类别5   表“因果关系
because   因为
since   因为;既然
because of   因为
thanks to   多亏了
now that   既然;由于  
for this reason   由于这个原因
so   因而;这样;如此
thus   因此         
therefore   因此
as a result   结果;因此
so/such...that...   如此……以至于……
in order to/so that...   为了……

 类别6   表“举例说明
like   像;如同
such as   例如;像……这样 
for example/instance   例如;比如

 类别7   表 “特别强调”
especially   尤其;特别
particularly   特别是
certainly/surely   当然    
indeed   确实;的确
obviously   显而易见
no doubt/without any doubt   毫无疑问

 类别8   “陈述事实/观点”
to be honest/to tell you the truth   说实话
actually/in fact/as a matter of fact   事实上      
I think...   依我看……
in my opinion   在我看来
as far as I know   据我所知
I'm afraid...   我恐怕……
I hope...   我希望……

 类别9   “总结”
in a/one word   总而言之;简言之
in general   一般而言;总的来说
in short/brief   简而言之;总之
all in all   总的来说;大体而言
in summary  总之;概括来说
generally speaking   一般来说
above all   最重要;首先
after all   毕竟;终究
from the above  综上所述


2

30组同义表达


1. 九个“决定”


decide to do sth
make a decision to do sth
determine to do sth
be determined to do sth
make a determination to do sth
resolve to do sth
make a resolution to do sth
make up one’s mind to do sth
set one’s mind to do sth

2. 两个“尽可能......”


as … as possible
as…as you can

3. 五个“乐意做……”


be glad to do sth
be pleased to do sth
be happy to do sth
be delighted to do sth
have pleasure to do sth

4. 九个“准备做……”


get ready for sth
get sth. ready
be ready for sth
be ready to do sth
prepare for sth
prepare oneself for sth
prepare to do sth
prepare sth. for sb
be prepared for sth

5. “邀请”与“请求”


Would you like to do sth.?
Would you like sth.?
Would you please do…?
(回答:I’d like/love to.)

6. 四个“没用”


It is no use (in)doing sth.
There is no use doing sth.
It is useless to do sth.
It is no good (in) doing sth.

7. 三个“结果”


so/such…that…
...enough to do sth
too … to…

8. 六个“花费”


sb. spends some time/money on sth
sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth
sb. pays some money for sth
sth. costs (sb.) some money
It takes (sb. )some time to do sth
It takes some time for sb. to do sth

9. 五个“为了”


so that (引导目的状语从句,只位于句尾)
in order that (引导目的状语从句)
so as to do sth. (引导目的状语,只位于句尾)
in order to do sth. (引导目的状语,可首可尾)
to do sth. (引导目的状语,可首可尾)

10.  三个“以至于不......”


too…to…
so … that…not…
not…enough to…

11. 两个“习惯”


be/get used to doing sth
be/get accustomed to doing sth

12. 两个“建议”


What about sth./doing sth.?
How about sth./doing sth.?


13. 四个“出什么毛病了”



What’s the matter with…?
What’s wrong with…?
What’s the trouble with…?
What happens to…?

14. 两个“为什么不......”


Why not do sth.?
Why don’t you do sth?

15. 三个“不但……而且……”


not only…but also
not only…but…
not only…but …as well

16. 五个“劝阻”“阻止”


stop sb. (from) doing
prevent sb. (from) doing
keep sb. from doing
discourage sb. from doing sth
dissuade sb. from doing sth

17. 四个“相处”


get on (well) with sb
get along (well) with sb
mix with sb
mix well with sb

18. 五个“因为”


thanks to
due to
because of
as a result of
owing to

19. 两个“形式”


It’s + adj. (for/of sb. ) to do sth. (形式主语)
find/think/feel it + adj. + to do sth. (形式宾语)

20. stress句型汇总


be stressed out
be under a lot of stress
take/stand the stress忍受压力
put stress on sth.强调

21. 两个“弥补”


make up for
compensate for

22. 五个“在...…看来”


in one’s opinion
to one’s mind
in one’s view
in one’s eye
according to sb

23. 三个“丢”


be lost
be missing
be gone

24. 八个“著名”


be famous for sth
be famous to sb
be famous as
be famous to sb. as
be known for sth
be known to sb
be known as
be known to sb. as

25. 四个“满意”


be satisfied with
be pleased with
be happy with
be delighted with

26. 四个“为……而高兴”


be pleased for sb
be happy for sb
be glad for sb
be delighted for sth

27. 两个“祝贺”


congratulate sb. on sth
congratulations to sb. on sth

28. 两个“道歉”


apologize to sb. for sth
make an apology to sb. for sth

29. 三个“玩得高兴”


have a good time
have fun (doing sth)
enjoy oneself

30. 七个“一……就……”


as soon as
the moment
the minute
the instant
immediately
instantly
directly





终审 :应玲
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