(1)特殊疑问句形式：以when, where, what, which, who, how much/many等疑问词开头引出的问题。
指对原文句子中的关键词进行同义替换。如把lose one's job换成了be out of work。有些细节理解题把原文中的一些词变换一下词性，如把important变换成of importance；改变原文中句子的语态，如主动语态与被动语态的转换。
Jobs for Youth
If you are a teenager living in certain parts of the province, you could be eligible (符合条件) for this program, which provides eight weeks of paid employment along with training.
Who is eligible：Youth 15－18 years old in select communities (社区)．
Summer Company provides students with handson business training and awards of up to $3，000 to start and run their own summer businesses.
Who is eligible：Students aged 15－29, returning to school in the fall.
21．What is special about Summer Company?
A．It requires no training before employment.
B．It provides awards for running new businesses.
C．It allows one to work in the natural environment.
D．It offers more summer job opportunities.
定位：用special about Summer Company寻读，在文中找到信息源——Summer Company provides students with handson business training and awards of up to $3，000 to start and run their own summer businesses.
[分析] 选B 比对选项和信息句可知，Summer Company的特别之处在于 “它为经营新业务提供奖励”，利用原文原词award定正确选项，为直接细节理解题。故选B。
“I prefer to go out and be out.Alone, but together, you know？” Bechtel said, looking up from her book.Bechtel, who works in downtown West Palm Beach, has lunch with coworkers sometimes, but like many of us, too often works through lunch at her desk.A lunchtime escape allows her to keep a boss from tapping her on the shoulder.She returns to work feeling energized.“Today, I just wanted some time to myself，”she said.
29．Why does Bechtel prefer to go out for lunch?
A．To meet with her coworkers.
B．To catch up with her work.
C．To have some time on her own.
D．To collect data for her report.
题干中的关键词：prefer to go out 与 lunch
定位：用Bechtel prefer to go out for lunch寻读，在文中找到信息源——“Today, I just wanted some time to myself，” she said.
[分析] 选C 根据信息句I just wanted some time to myself可知，Bechtel更喜欢出去吃午饭的原因是想拥有自己的时间。原文中的wanted some time to myself被替换成选项中的have some time on her own，为间接细节理解题。故选C。
At present, the world has about 6，800 languages. The distribution of these languages is hugely uneven. The general rule is that mild zones have relatively few languages, often spoken by many people, while hot, wet zones have lots, often spoken by small numbers. Europe has only around 200 languages; the Americas about 1，000; Africa 2，400; and Asia and the Pacific perhaps 3，200, of which Papua New Guinea alone accounts for well over 800. The median number (中位数) of speakers is a mere 6，000, which means that half the world's languages are spoken by fewer people than that.
30.How many languages are spoken by less than 6，000 people at present?
A．About 6，800. B．About 3，400.
C．About 2，400. D．About 1，200.
题干中的关键词：less than 6，000 people at present
定位：用less than 6，000 people at present寻读，在文中找到信息源——The median number(中位数) of speakers is a mere 6，000，which means that half the world's languages are spoken by fewer people than that.
大约 6 800。
大约 3 400。
大约 1 200。
[分析] 选B 根据信息句The median number (中位数) of speakers is a mere 6，000，which means that half the world's languages are spoken by fewer people than that.可知，目前全球不同语言使用人数的中位数仅是6 000，这就意味着世界上有一半的语言的使用人数不到6 000；结合At present，the world has about 6，800 languages.可知，目前大约3 400种语言的使用人数不到6 000。故选B。
Adult Education Courses
Technology is advancing at a rapid pace, and we rely more and more on computers for everything from cooking to organising our taxes. This sixweek course will give you an understanding of computer fundamentals, including the use of software packages (Word, Excel and PowerPoint) and how to use the Internet.
Start: May 2，2019
Time: Wed. 7 pm－9 pm
Length: 6 weeks
Place: Sydney College
Learn the basics of woodworking with simple handson projects to build your confidence and skills. Each lesson explores a different area of woodworking that will provide you with the skills needed for any woodworking project. Flexible learning allows you to choose only the lessons that interest you.
Start: April 15, 2019
Time：Mon. 5 pm－ 7 pm
Cost：＄30 per lesson
Length: 12 weeks
Place: Adult Learning Centre
This course provides advanced training in software, design, and coding for the Web. Students must have already completed a recognised basic Web design course or have at least 2 years' relevant work experience. Students completing the course will receive the Diploma in Advanced Web Design.
Start: June 1, 2019
Time: Weekdays 9 am－4 pm
Length: 40 weeks
Place: University of Technology
This practical course is intended to help established (著名的) artists take their creativity further. From sketching and colour, to composition (构图), painting and experimenting with style, you will study and explore an engaging variety of creative media and subject matter.
Start: April 21, 2019
Time: Thur. 3 pm－6 pm
Length: 15 weeks
Place: City Art
1．Which courses are suitable for beginners?
A．Web Design and Art.
B．Computer Studies and Art.
C．Woodwork and Web Design.
D．Computer Studies and Woodwork.
解析：选D 细节理解题。根据Computer Studies部分中的“an understanding of computer fundamentals”可知，该课程提供计算机的基础内容；从Woodwork部分中的“the basics of woodworking”可知，该课程提供木工手艺的基础内容。故选D。
2．Which course awards students an official certificate?
C．Web Design. D．Computer Studies.
解析：选C 细节理解题。根据Web Design部分中的“Students completing the course will receive the Diploma in Advanced Web Design.”可知，该课程会给完成课程的学生颁发结业证书，另外三门课程均未提到颁发证书，故C项符合题意。
3．How much will a student who attends only half of all the Woodwork lessons pay in total?
解析：选B 数字计算题。根据Woodwork部分中的“Time: Mon. 5 pm－7 pm”可知，该课程每周一开一次课；根据该部分中的“＄30 per lesson”可知，每次课程要花费30美元；根据该部分中的“Length: 12 weeks”可知，该课程持续12周，即12次课。由此可知，上全部课程需要＄30×12＝＄360，上一半的课程需要180美元。
(2019·潍坊市统一考试)When traveling on a budget, every dollar counts. Unfortunately, the cost of tickets alone can make a serious hole in your savings. Don't let that stop you from taking your dream vacation, though. According to Jeff Klee, CEO of CheapAir.com, there is a “sweet spot” to get the biggest bang for your buck.
“The most important rule is fairly obvious: don't wait until the last minute, as that rarely works out，” he said in a statement. “But beyond that, you also want to be careful not to buy too early.”
Still, that's easier said than done. Finding the most costefficient time to book is tough. Luckily, somebody did the math — so you don't have to. Data crunchers from the online travel agency CheapAir.com surveyed over 917 million fares to determine the day with the cheapest rates.
Here's what they found: while prices tend to stay the same between 320 and 106 days before a trip, they start dropping at the 105day mark. That said, you might be tempted to book the moment prices drop. But hold on! You'll save even more money by booking precisely 70 days before your trip. According to CheapAir.com, you can save 48 percent of the ticket's total cost by using this trick. After that date, airfares will begin to increase again. And don't even think about booking any later than 20 days ahead of time, as prices will be soaring.
So, what are you waiting for? Start planning your next dream vacation, and book accordingly. Your wallet will thank you — guaranteed.
4．When can we book our plane tickets to save the most money?
A．The later, the better. B．As early as possible.
C．105 days before our trip. D．70 days before our trip.
解析：选D 细节理解题。根据第四段的内容尤其是第四句“You'll save even more money by booking precisely 70 days before your trip.”可知，旅行前第70天预订机票节省的钱最多，故选D。
5．How much can the trick help us save if the ticket costs ＄400 totally?
解析：选B 数字计算题。根据第四段第五句“According to CheapAir.com, you can save 48 percent of the ticket's total cost by using this trick.”，并结合题干可知，原价是400美元的飞机票总共可以节省：＄400*48%＝＄192，故选B。
6．What's the purpose of the author in writing this text?
A．To explain what a “sweet spot” is.
B．To attract people to traveling by plane.
C．To show the ways of booking plane tickets.
D．To tell people how to buy cheap plane tickets.
解析：选D 写作意图题。根据第一段第一句“When traveling on a budget, every dollar counts.”和对本文的整体理解可推知，本文的主要目的在于介绍购买便宜飞机票的策略和方法，故选D。