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推理判断2

来源: 发布时间:2020-10-20 浏览次数: 【字体:


 

推断隐含意义——逻辑分析得结论

 

推断隐含意义题要求考生在理解原文表面文字信息的基础上做出合情合理的判断和推论即考生不仅需要读懂原文 而且还要理解作者的弦外之音。其涉及的内容可能是文中某一句或某几句话但做题的指导思想都要以文中提供的信息为依据。

该类型的命题方式常常以下列形式呈现:

It can be inferred from the text that ________

It can be concluded from the passage that ________

The writer/author indicates/suggests/implies that ________

What can we infer about ...?

Which of the following statements does the passage support?

What does the ... paragraph imply?

[] (2019·全国卷阅读B节选)

Whaley got the idea of this second­grade presidential campaign project when he asked the children one day to raise their hands if they thought they could never be a president.The answer broke his heart.Whaley says the project is about more than just learning to read and speak in public.He wants these kids to learn to boast (夸耀) about themselves.

26We can infer that the purpose of Whaley's project is to ________.

Ahelp students see their own strengths

Bassess students' public speaking skills

Cprepare students for their future jobs

Dinspire students' love for politics

[解题示范]

细研题干

定题型

由题干可知本题是对文章推断隐含意义的考查。

甄别选项

定答案

细研干

扰项

B项与原文不符颠倒是非评估学生的公开演讲技巧不是其目的。

C曲解文意这个项目虽然借助了总统竞选的形式但是并没有涉及使学生为他们将来的工作作准备

断定

答案

D项曲解文意文章没有提到激发学生对政治的热爱

 

Whaley创办这个项目的目的不仅仅是让学生学会阅读和在公共场合演讲他还希望学生学会自夸。故选择A项。

[技法点津]

第一步 确定题干中的关键信息

第二步 在原文中确定推理依据的位置或范围立足原文再结合语境和生活常识进行合乎逻辑的推理判断。

写作意图类——文体特点看意图

 

通常情况下作者在文中不直接陈述自己的意图是通过文中所列事物使读者感受到其所传递的想法。所以,这种题型要求考生具备对作者阐述的内容进行总结和分析的能力。

关于整篇文章的写作意图的常见设问方式有:

What is the main purpose of the text?

What is the author's purpose in writing the text?

What is the purpose/intention of the author in writing this passage?

For what purpose did the author write the passage?

The writer writes this passage in order to________

[] (2018·6月浙江高考阅读A)

In 1812, the year Charles Dickens was born, there were 66 novels published in Britain. People had been writing novels for a century most experts date the first novel to Robinson Crusoe in 1719 — but nobody wanted to do it professionally.The steampowered printing press was still in its early stages; the literacy (识字) rate in England was under 50%.Many works of fiction appeared without the names of the authors, often with something like By a lady.Novels, for the most part, were looked upon as silly, immoral or just plain bad.

In 1870, when Dickens died, the world mourned him as its first professional writer and publisher, famous and beloved, who had led an explosion in both the publication of novels and their readership and whose characters from Oliver Twist to Tiny Tim — were held up as moral touchstones.Today Dickens' greatness is unchallenged.Removing him from the pantheon (名人堂) of English literature would make about as much sense as the Louvre selling off the Mona Lisa.

How did Dickens get to the topFor all the feelings readers attach to stories, literature is a numbers game, and the test of time is extremely difficult to pass.Some 60000 novels were published during the Victorian age, from 1837 to 1901today a casual reader might be able to name a halfdozen of them.It's partly true that Dickens' style of writing attracted audiences from all walks of life.It's partly that his writings rode a wave of social, political and scientific progress.But it's also that he rewrote the culture of literature and put himself at the center.No one will ever know what mix of talent, ambition, energy and luck made Dickens such a distinguished writer.But as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible and important for our own culture — to understand how he made himself a lasting one.

23What is the author's purpose in writing the text?

ATo remember a great writer.

BTo introduce an English novel.

CTo encourage studies on culture.

DTo promote values of the Victorian age.

[解题示范]

细研题干定题型

由题干可知本题是对文章写作意图推断的考查

甄别选项

定答案

细研

干扰项

B项以偏概全借小说Robinson Crusoe主要目的是为了介绍狄更斯。

C项张冠李戴混淆了作者主要目的是纪念狄更斯的主旨。

D项以偏概全文章不是主要宣扬维多利亚时代的价值观

断定

答案

根据文中对查尔斯·狄更斯及其作品在英国小说史上重要性的介绍和文章最后一句可知,本文写于查尔斯·狄更斯诞辰200周年前夕由此可知作者写本文是为了纪念查尔斯·狄更斯这位伟大的作家。故选择A项。

 

 [技法点津]

写作意图通常有以下三种:

(1)to entertain readers/to tell an experience常见于记叙文、个人经历或故事类的文章。

(2)to persuade readers/to sell a product or a service/to attract readers or visitors常见于广告。

(3)to inform readers/to report/to tell/to describe ... 多见于科普类、新闻报道类、文化类或社会生活类的文章以及劝告类或建议性的文章。


终审 :应玲
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