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推理判断3

来源: 发布时间:2020-10-20 浏览次数: 【字体:

观点态度类——依据措辞定态度



 

高考对观点态度类的设题越来越灵活题目难度也有所增加考查作者对文中人、事、物或内容的观点或态度的题量较多。对考生对文章的主旨大意和细节的理解提出了更高的要求,考生要利用多种阅读理解的技巧来仔细确定题干的关键信息,借此定位文中的原句并准确推断出答案。

近几年高考真题中常见的设题形式有:

How does the author feel about ...?

What does the author think of ...?

What is the author's opinion on/about ...?

What is the author's attitude towards/to ...?

How does the author sound in ... paragraph?

How does the author sound when telling the story?

The author thinks ... is ________

The author's attitude towards ... can be described as________

[] (2019·北京高考阅读C节选)

The problem of robocalls has gotten so bad that many people now refuse to pick up calls from numbers they don't know.By next year, half of the calls we receive will be scams (欺诈)We are finally waking up to the severity of the problem by supporting and developing a group of tools, apps and approaches intended to prevent scammers from getting through.Unfortunately, it's too little, too late.By the time these solutions (解决方案) become widely available,  scammers will have moved onto cleverer means.In the near future, it's not just going to be the number you see on your screen that will be in doubt.Soon you will also question whether the voice you're hearing is actually real.

38How does the author feel about the solutions to the problem of robocalls?

APanicked. BConfused.

CEmbarrassed. DDisappointed.

[解题示范]

细研题干定题型

由题干可知本题是对文章观点态度推断的考查。

甄别选项定答案

细研干扰项

A项推己及人,脱离原文而进行主观臆断。

B项推己及人用自己的观点代替作者的观点

C项推己及人用自己的观点代替作者的观点。

断定

答案

这些解决方案被广泛使用时诈骗者们就会有更高明的手段可推知作者对骚扰电话的解决方案不乐观感到失望(disappointed)panicked惊慌的;confused迷惑的;embarrassed尴尬的。故选择D项。

 

 

[技法点津]

1注意作者或文中人物的措辞:文章作者或文中人物对某事物所持的观点或态度往往隐含在文章的字里行间或流露于修饰词之中。

(1)正确掌握字里行间所隐含或流露的意思切不可用自己的观点来代替作者或文中人物的观点。

(2)留意那些描写所处氛围的语言及表达情感、态度或观点的词语或句子。

(3)结合平时所积累的有关英语国家的文化传统、风俗习惯等的背景知识来进行合理的推断。

2牢记常见有关作者情感态度的词语:

(1)表示支持或肯定:positive积极乐观的;supportive支持的;optimistic乐观的;humorous幽默的;enthusiastic热情的;pleasant愉快的。

(2)表示中立:indifferent不感兴趣的漠不关心的;uninterested不感兴趣的;objective客观的;neutral中立的;not mentioned未提及的。

(3)表示反对或否定:disgusted憎恶的厌恶的;critical批评的;negative否定的消极的;suspicious/skeptical怀疑的;disappointed失望的;disapproving不赞成的。


终审 :应玲
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