◆From which is the text probably taken?
◆In which of the following would this passage most likely be found?
◆The passage is probably taken out of ________．
◆Where would the passage most probably appear?
◆The passage is probably intended for ________．
◆The text is written mainly for ________．
◆Who are the intended readers of the passage?
As data and identity theft becomes more and more common, the market is growing for biometric (生物测量) technologies — like fingerprint scans — to keep others out of private espaces.At present, these technologies are still expensive, though.
Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up with a lowcost device (装置) that gets around this problem：a smart keyboard.This smart keyboard precisely measures the cadence (节奏) with which one types and the
pressure fingers apply to each key.The keyboard could offer a strong layer of security by analyzing things like the force of a user's typing and the time between key presses.These patterns are unique to each person.Thus, the keyboard can determine people's identities，and by extension，whether they should be given access to the computer it's connected to — regardless of whether someone gets the password right.
31．Where is this text most likely from?
A．A diary. B．A guidebook.
C．A novel. D．A magazine.
根据本文的话题“智能键盘”以及第二段中的“Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up with a lowcost device ...”，尤其是其中的关键词researchers，lowcost device等来推断，这篇文章是一篇科研报道。
Rich as a King
William Ⅰ， who conquered England some 950 years ago, had wealth, power and an army. Yet although William was very rich by the standard of his time, he had nothing like a flush toilet (抽水马桶), paper towels, or a riding lawn mower (割草机). How did he get_by?
History books are filled with wealthy people who were poor compared to me. I have storm windows, Croesus did not. Entire nations trembled before Alexander the Great, but he couldn't buy cat food. Czar Nicholas lacked an electric saw.
Given how much better off I am than so many famous dead people, you'd think I'd be content. The trouble is that, like most people, I compare my wealth with that of living persons: neighbors, school classmates, famous TV people. The greed I feel toward my friend Howard's new kitchen is not reduced by the fact that no kings ever had a refrigerator with glass doors.
There is really no rising or falling standard of living. Over the centuries people simply find different things to feel sad about. You'd think that simply not having disease would put us in a good mood, but no, we want a hot bath too.
Of course, one way to achieve happiness would be to realize that even by today's standards the things I own are pretty nice. My house is smaller than the houses of many investment bankers, but even so it has a lot more rooms than my wife and I can keep clean.
Besides, to people looking back at our era from a century or two in the future, these bankers' fancy counter tops and my own worn Formica will seem equally shabby. I can't keep up with my neighbors right now. But just wait.
1．What does the underlined phrase “get by” in the first paragraph mean?
A．Succeed as a king. B．Deal with complaints.
C．Live in a satisfactory way. D．Get some extra money.
解析：选C 词义猜测题。根据第三段第一句“Given how much better off I am than so many famous dead people, you'd think I'd be content.”，并结合对第一段第二句的理解可推知，没有现代这些便利的生活设备，富有的威廉一世如何才能生活得称心如意呢？由此可推知，画线短语表示“以一种令人满意的方式生活”，故选C。
2．How many historical figures are mentioned to compare lives in the past and present?
解析：选B 细节理解题。根据对第一段和第二段的理解可知，古今生活对比中作者列举了四个历史人物，他们分别是：William Ⅰ， Croesus, Alexander the Great和Czar Nicholas。
3．According to the passage, the author intends to ________．
A．tell us to be content with life
B．warn us to live in a simple way
C．teach us to learn lessons from life
D．encourage us to struggle for wealth
解析：选A 写作意图题。根据文章的标题Rich as a King，并结合对全文的整体理解可推知，作者通过古今生活对比，告诉我们要知足常乐。
4．What's the author's attitude towards life?
解析：选B 观点态度题。根据最后两段，尤其是最后一段最后两句“I can't keep up with my neighbors right now. But just wait.”可推知，作者对生活持乐观的态度。
(2019·安徽安庆二模)Spotify can tell if you're sad. Here's why that should scare you. Want to figure out if someone is a patient with a mental disability：Ask them what their favorite song is. A New York University study last year found that people who loved Eminem's Lose Yourself and Justin Bieber's What Do You Mean? were more likely to have trouble with mental disabilities than people who were into Dire Straits.
Over the past few years, Spotify has been improving the ability to analyze information to help businessmen target consumers with advertisements made specially for their needs. They conclude this from the sort of music you're listening to, combined with where and when you're listening to it, along with thirdparty data that might be available.
Now, to be clear, there's nothing significantly illegal about what Spotify is doing with your information. I certainly don't think that they are working with shadowy consulting firms to serve you ads selling a culture struggle while you're listening to music that suggests you might be in a terrible situation. However, I find it disappointing that our personal, private moments with music are increasingly being turned into information points and offered to advertisers.
You can see where this could go, can't you? As ad targeting gets ever more accurate, businessmen will have the ability to target our feelings in potentially improper ways. According to one study, you are more likely to spend more on a product if you're feeling sad. You can imagine some companies might take advantage of that. And on that note, I'm feeling a little down about all this. Head off to treat myself to something expensive.
5．What's the purpose of the first paragraph?
A．To introduce a new song.
B．To draw readers' attention.
C．To help more patients.
D．To promote a new medium.
6．Why does Spotify improve its ability to analyze information?
A．To provide services for the government.
B．To work with shadowy consulting firms.
C．To get listeners' personal information.
D．To help businessmen attract consumers.
解析：选D 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句“... Spotify has been improving the ability to analyze information to help businessmen target consumers with advertisements made specially for their needs.”可知，Spotify一直在提高其分析信息的能力，其目的是帮助商人吸引消费者，故选D项。
7．What's the author's attitude toward Spotify?
解析：选D 推理判断题。根据第三段最后一句“However, I find it disappointing that ...”和最后一段中的“And on that note, I'm feeling a little down about all this.”可知，作者对Spotify很失望，故选D项。
8．Who is the text probably designed for?
A．Music lovers. B．Officials.
解析：选A 推理判断题。根据第二段中的“the sort of music you're listening to”和第三段中的“while you're listening to music”可知，本文主要针对音乐爱好者而写，故选A项。
(2019·黑龙江省大庆市第一次质量检测)Many of us love summer because it's the season when vegetables are in abundance. Fresh vegetables have almost all of the nutrients that our body requires.
Fresh cabbage is an excellent source of natural vitamin C. It also contains an adequate number of minerals. Sweet carrot is notably rich in antioxidants (抗氧化物), vitamins and dietary fiber. Onion is a rich source of chromium (铬), a mineral that helps cells respond appropriately to insulin (胰岛素) levels in the blood. As for me, tomato, juicy and delicious, is a wonderful gift to the world. Besides, it contains very good levels of vitamin A and vitamin C, and antioxidants, which are scientifically found to be protective against cancers.
Eat at least 5－7 servings of fresh vegetables every day. Seasonal vegetables should be encouraged. Whenever possible, go for organic farm vegetables to get maximum health benefits. Organic ones tend to be smaller but have rich flavor, possess some good concentration of vitamins and minerals and are loaded with numerous health benefiting antioxidants.
After shopping your choice of vegetables, the first thing you need to do is to wash them thoroughly, especially leafy green vegetables. Soak in salt water for a few minutes, and gently wash in cool water until you are satisfied with the cleanliness. This way you insure they are free from dirt sand and any chemical sprays. If you need to store them, then place inside plastic wrappings in order to preserve their nutrition for short periods until you use them. However, the best way is to use them early while fresh because, firstly, certain vegetables have very short period life and secondly, the heath benefiting qualities of a vegetable decline with time.
9．What does the author seem to like about tomatoes?
A．They contain chromium.
B．They are high in minerals.
C．They have a pleasant taste.
D．They can control insulin levels.
解析：选C 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“As for me, tomato, juicy and delicious, is a wonderful gift to the world.”可知，作者喜欢西红柿的美味。故选C项。
10．Which of the followings is not the advantage of organic farm vegetables?
A．Having more vitamins and minerals.
B．Containing more antioxidants.
C．Having smaller size.
解析：选C 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“Organic ones tend to be smaller but have rich flavor, possess some good concentration of vitamins and minerals and are loaded with numerous health benefiting antioxidants.”可知，有机蔬菜的优势是味美、富含维生素和矿物质及抗氧化物，大小不是其优势。故选C项。
11．Which is the best choice about choosing vegetables?
A．Fresh and nutritious vegetables.
B．Delicious and bigger vegetables.
C．Juicy and smaller vegetables.
D．Seasonal and organic vegetables.
解析：选D 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“Seasonal vegetables should be encouraged. Whenever possible, go for organic farm vegetables ...”可知，选择蔬菜要重点考虑“应季”和“有机”这两个因素，故选D项。
12．From which is the text probably taken?
A．A biology textbook.
B．A health magazine.
C．A research paper.
D．A travel brochure.